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{{Bought-in|Author=Ben Wray|Links=https://www.linkedin.com/in/ben-wray-4a08765a/ @ben_wray1989|Fee=A fee}}
 
 
==Accession status==
 
 
An independent Scotland will have no serious problems in joining the EU. It meets the membership criteria, it will not have to join the euro, there will be no restrictions on its budget deficit, and it will not have to join a queue.
 
An independent Scotland will have no serious problems in joining the EU. It meets the membership criteria, it will not have to join the euro, there will be no restrictions on its budget deficit, and it will not have to join a queue.
 
<img src="http://www.derek.scot/wikiscot_files/join-eu-status.png" width="600px" class="centredImage">
 
  
 
==Membership criteria==
 
==Membership criteria==
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Further, there is no mechanism for enforcing adoption of the euro; on the contrary, there are restrictions. Before it is allowed to join the euro, a member state must have spent two years in the European Exchange Rate Mechanism (EMR), but there is no time by which this must be done. The thrust of EU policy on this issue is that it is up to the member state to align its economy with that of the eurozone, and the EU's role is to monitor this alignment rather than to enforce it<ref>The European Central Bank: FAQ’s on EU Enlargement and Economic and Monetary Union (EMU). https://www.ecb.europa.eu/ecb/history/enlargement/html/faqenlarge.en.html Accessed 22/11/2019.</ref>.
 
Further, there is no mechanism for enforcing adoption of the euro; on the contrary, there are restrictions. Before it is allowed to join the euro, a member state must have spent two years in the European Exchange Rate Mechanism (EMR), but there is no time by which this must be done. The thrust of EU policy on this issue is that it is up to the member state to align its economy with that of the eurozone, and the EU's role is to monitor this alignment rather than to enforce it<ref>The European Central Bank: FAQ’s on EU Enlargement and Economic and Monetary Union (EMU). https://www.ecb.europa.eu/ecb/history/enlargement/html/faqenlarge.en.html Accessed 22/11/2019.</ref>.
  
Of all 28 EU member-states, nine (i.e. about one-third) have not joined the euro;
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Of all 28 EU member-states, nine (i.e. about one-third) have not joined the euro; and of the 16 countries that have joined the EU since the Copenhagen Criteria were established, seven (Sweden, Poland, Czech Republic, Hungary, Bulgaria, Romania and Croatia) - i.e. about half - have not joined the euro. Joining the euro is voluntary, and Scotland will make its own choice.
 
 
<img src="http://www.derek.scot/wikiscot_files/eu-currencies.png" class="centredImage" width="434px">
 
 
 
and of the 16 countries that have joined the EU since the Copenhagen Criteria were established, seven (Sweden, Poland, Czech Republic, Hungary, Bulgaria, Romania and Croatia) - i.e. about half - have not joined the euro. Joining the euro is voluntary, and Scotland will make its own choice.
 
  
 
==Budget deficit==
 
==Budget deficit==
The European Fiscal Compact<ref>European Commission: Vade Mecum on the Stability and Growth Pact, p21. https://ec.europa.eu/info/sites/info/files/ip052_en_0.pdf Accessed 22/11/2019.</ref> is a set of numerical fiscal rules and calculations that limit a member state’s government deficit to 3 per cent of GDP, and it imposes a "corrective procedure" if the deficit rises above this. As of 2018/2019, the prospective deficit of an independent Scotland (calculated under current constitutional circumstances) is 7 per cent of GDP<ref>Government Expenditure and Revenue in Scotland (GERS): 2018 to 2019. https://www.gov.scot/publications/government-expenditure-revenue-scotland-gers/ Accessed 22/11/2019.</ref>.
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The European Fiscal Compact is a set of rules and calculations that limit a member state’s government deficit to 3 per cent of GDP<ref>European Commission: Vade Mecum on the Stability and Growth Pact, p21. https://ec.europa.eu/info/sites/info/files/ip052_en_0.pdf Accessed 22/11/2019.</ref>, and it imposes a "corrective procedure" if the deficit rises above this. As of 2018/2019, the prospective deficit of an independent Scotland (calculated under current constitutional circumstances) is 7 per cent of GDP<ref>Government Expenditure and Revenue in Scotland (GERS): 2018 to 2019. https://www.gov.scot/publications/government-expenditure-revenue-scotland-gers/ Accessed 22/11/2019.</ref>.
  
However, the Fiscal Compact does not apply to the UK, while other non-euro member states can choose to opt in or not. Denmark, Bulgaria and Romania have opted in, while Hungary, Poland and Sweden have not<ref>European Commission: Vade Mecum on the Stability and Growth Pact, p21, footnotes 16 and 19. https://ec.europa.eu/info/sites/info/files/ip052_en_0.pdf Accessed 22/11/2019.</ref>.
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However, the Fiscal Compact does not apply to the UK, while other non-euro member states can choose to opt in or not. Denmark, Bulgaria and Romania have opted in, while Hungary, Poland and Sweden have not<ref>European Commission: Vade Mecum on the Stability and Growth Pact, p21, footnotes. https://ec.europa.eu/info/sites/info/files/ip052_en_0.pdf Accessed 22/11/2019.</ref>.
  
 
==Queue for membership==
 
==Queue for membership==
 
There is no queue for EU membership. At any one time, talks will be taking place with a number of countries hoping to join, but there is no sequencing of applications, and the progress that each country makes depends on the circumstances of its case. In the words of the European Parliament,
 
There is no queue for EU membership. At any one time, talks will be taking place with a number of countries hoping to join, but there is no sequencing of applications, and the progress that each country makes depends on the circumstances of its case. In the words of the European Parliament,
  
<blockquote><span style="color: mediumblue">'''''"EU accession has never worked on the basis of a queue. Applicants are accepted when they are ready, not on the basis of when they applied."'''''</span><ref>European Parliament, Directorate General for Internal Policies, p.19. http://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/etudes/IDAN/2017/583118/IPOL_IDA(2017)583118_EN.pdf Accessed 22/11/2019.</ref></blockquote>
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<blockquote><span style="color: mediumblue">'''''"EU accession has never worked on the basis of a queue. Applicants are accepted when they are ready, not on the basis of when they applied."'''''</span><ref>European Parliament, Directorate General for Internal Policies, p.19. www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/etudes/IDAN/2017/583118/IPOL_IDA(2017)583118_EN.pdf Accessed 22/11/2019.</ref></blockquote>
  
 
Finland, Sweden and Austria all negotiated their accessions within two years. Dr Kirsty Hughes, Director of the Scottish Centre on European Relations, believes that Scottish accession could be negotiated within three<ref>An Independent Scotland in Europe, Dr Kirsty Hughes, Prospect Magazine. https://www.prospectmagazine.co.uk/politics/an-independent-scotland-in-europe-brexit-snp-conference-nicola-sturgeon Accessed 22/11/2019.</ref>.
 
Finland, Sweden and Austria all negotiated their accessions within two years. Dr Kirsty Hughes, Director of the Scottish Centre on European Relations, believes that Scottish accession could be negotiated within three<ref>An Independent Scotland in Europe, Dr Kirsty Hughes, Prospect Magazine. https://www.prospectmagazine.co.uk/politics/an-independent-scotland-in-europe-brexit-snp-conference-nicola-sturgeon Accessed 22/11/2019.</ref>.

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